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What is Vertigo?

(Causes, symptoms, and Treatments)

Vertigo: is the feeling that you or your surrounding is spinning.

Causes of vertigo:

Vertigo can be caused by issues related to the brain or inner ear.

Vertigo can be caused due to labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis. Labyrinthitis is inflammation inside the inner ear and may be associated with hearing loss. Labyrinthitis is caused due to viral or bacterial infection to the inner ear.

The most common type of vertigo is BVVP (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo) which occurs due to deposition of a lump of tiny calcium particles (canaliths) inside the canal of the inner ear. The inner ear helps the vestibular system in balancing the body movement by sending the signal to the brain. Deposition of canaliths makes it difficult for inner ear to send the signal properly and hence resulting in sudden head movement and dizziness.

Sometimes it can also be caused due to acoustic neuroma which is associated with a type of tumor of the nerve tissue of the inner ear. The symptoms of an acoustic neuroma include hearing loss and ringing inside the ear.

It can also occur due to Meniere’s disease. Meniere’s disease is a disorder related to inner ear which is caused due to fluctuating pressure and build-up fluid inside the inner ear.

This disease is associated with inconsistent hearing loss along with ringing in the ears. Vertigo can also occur due to a neck or head injury, the medication that causes ear damage, Migraine or other brain problems like tumor and stroke.


Symptoms of Vertigo include;
  • Head Spinning
  • Headache Sweating
  • Abnormal eye movement
  • Inconsistent or sudden hearing loss
  • Ringing in the ear


In most cases, vertigo goes away with time. It basically happens because, sometimes, the brain adapts to the change in the inner ear, depending on other mechanisms to maintain balance.

Few treatments for vertigo are;

Vestibular Rehabilitation:

The function of the vestibular system is to send signals to the brain about a body and head movement related to gravity. Vestibular Rehabilitation is a physical therapy which helps in strengthening the vestibular system.

Canaliths Repositioning Maneuvers:

This therapy includes a series of body and head movement, to transport the calcium deposits from the canal to an inner ear chamber from where it can easily be absorbed by the body.


In some cases, medication can also cure the infection or reduce the symptoms like motion sickness, nausea etc.


If the vertigo is caused by some serious problems like tumor, neck & brain injury, then a surgery can help in treating vertigo.

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